Defining Common Cannabis Terms
Here are some of the more important terms you may have heard and should know about the cannabis plant:
Commercial cannabis comes from the female plant. They are recognized for having long skinny stems and large, iconic fan leaves. The plant is trimmed down into buds, which come together in a cola at the top of the stem.
Trichomes are a blanket of crystal resin coating the cannabis plant, and they contain both terpenes and cannabinoids.
The two most well-known cannabinoids are THC and CBD, which also occur in the largest volume.
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is known to cause psychoactive effects or the “high” felt from cannabis.
Commonly used to alleviate: pain, nausea, sleeplessness, appetite and mood stimulant.
Cannabidiol (CBD) lacks nearly any psychoactive effect.
Commonly used to alleviate: pain, nausea, inflammation, anxiety, seizures.
Other cannabinoids such as cannabichromene (CBC), cannbigerol (CBG), and cannabinol (CBN), have similar but less known therapeutic properties. Research indicates plant’s efficacy in treating medical conditions such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, PTSD, and Alzheimer’s.
Terpenes are the organic, aromatic compounds found in the oils of the cannabis flower.
Cannabinoids and terpenes work in harmony, resulting in an “entourage effect.”
Sativa, Indica, Hybrid
There are two common types of cannabis plants: sativa and indica.
Sativa plants have long and thin leaves that are lighter in color. The buds are long and wispy and feature red or orange coloring. They tend to contain high levels of THC and low levels of CBD. Sativas are commonly associated with daytime use, and are often described as being energizing, stimulating and enhancing creativity.
Indica plants have leaves that are wide, broad and have a deep color. The buds are dense and tightly packed, generally featuring purple coloring. Indicas usually contains medium levels of THC and a higher amount of CBD. Indicas are often described as being relaxing and calming and are often used for nighttime use.
Hybrid strains also exist that combine sativa and indica genes to enhance and combine certain qualities of the strains.